One only need glance at the numbers associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to comprehend the necessity of HIV testing. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 1.2 million Americans currently host HIV and 50,000 Americans become infected annually. Of these, one-fifth don’t even realize what they’re carrying! It quickly becomes obvious that HIV testing is imperative to correctly judge and react to this expanding problem. Informed citizens can proactively address HIV if it affects their lives, and-equally essential-they can take preventative measures to safeguard the rest of the populace.
Which brings us to the enterprise of testing itself. At present, the CDC recommends routine testing for everybody aged 13 to 64. Eventually, they’d like to view ตรวจสุขภาพก่อนเข้าทำงาน ตรวจอะไรบ้าง become part-and-parcel for any screening or health care encounter. Until then, it’s your decision to voluntarily play a role in their growing knowledge base and your own peace of mind. For the, you require facts; specifically, you require information about it, a groundbreaking alternative to traditional testing methodology. As to what ways, you may well ask? Let’s discover:
How exactly does it work?
Most procedures, including rapid HIV testing, depend on antibody detection to find out results. A sample (blood, plasma, oral fluid, and often urine) is collected and subjected to a prepared solution. If you can find any HIV-specific antibodies in the sample, the exam displays an optimistic result. Both traditional and rapid HIV tests consistently perform with 99% accuracy, as well as a positive result from either requires additional verification, usually another test including the Western Blot test.
Rapid? Instead of what?
Traditional HIV testing involves the Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA), a prolonged technique requiring a vein-derived blood sample and specialized laboratory equipment. These tests require two visits: someone to administer pretest counseling and draw blood, as well as the second to deliver results and offer further counseling or referrals. The period between the two visits can take anywhere from a couple of days to a few weeks based on various delays in shipping, laboratory protocol, or retesting.
On the other hand, rapid HIV tests are vastly more convenient. The whole procedure takes less than half an hour or so and needs only one visit, including counseling.
What are the other benefits?
Because most clients at STD clinics receive negative test results, an incredible number of them can eliminate the necessity for a second visit should they go for rapid HIV testing. This saves the client as well as the practitioner time and money. It’s also an unfortunate reality that lots of traditional HIV testing clients don’t return for their test results in any way. Rapid HIV testing neatly solves this challenge with same-day, on-site results. Furthermore, those persons who test HIV-positive through rapid testing can receive immediate counseling in order to avoid possible transmission when they wait for confirmed results.
Precisely what does this mean for clinics?
Rapid HIV testing is considerably cheaper, faster, and much easier for STD clinics to do, meaning they can treat regional patients better and in greater numbers. As medical technology advances, this plays a role in an improved public thought of testing and furthers awareness of HIV infection and the requirement to combat it. It also offers a wider number of secondary testing options to lcjhui positive reactions and make sure maximum reliability and precision.
Being a final note, it ought to be remembered that the body needs time to build up HIV antibodies-around 25 days, typically. An HIV-positive patient may thus get a false negative result if tested too soon. Counseling can help determine the most effective course of action for patients with new intimate relationships or other complicating factors.